Agriculture | n. phr.
A tree in the Oleaceae family, typical of the Mediterranean Basin and from whose fruit, the olive, olive oil is extracted.


Long-revered as a perfect plant, providing beauty, fruit and essential oil, the olive tree is believed to have existed for more than 5,000 years old. The olive tree not only appears throughout history, but remains as an important economic influence.

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Alternative forms

Olea europaea [Botany]

Additional information

In its natural setting, it has a thick, short and twisted trunk, a wide and branchy cup, and lengthy, thin, spiky leaves that are green in the topside and whitish in the underside. Olive trees adapt to extreme environmental conditions, but require considerable light exposure and airy soils. In Spain there are more than 250 varieties of olive trees. It is considered a symbol of Mediterranean civilisation and culture.